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WW1 Casualty: Private 350013 William James Caddick -

Private 350013 William James Caddick

Unit/Regiment 9th Bn., King's (Liverpool Regiment)
Date of Death 04/08/1917 Age at Death 37
& Reference
Mendinghem Military Cemetery
III B 22
CWGC Family Details (if shown) Son of the late William and Emma Caddick, of Huyton, Liverpool.

The inscription on Pte Caddick's headstone, reading 'AT REST' was requested by Mrs Julia Alice Turner of 78, Sunbeam Road, Old Swan, Liverpool
Census Details 1881 Census -

William was aged 11 months and lived in Liverpool Road, Huyton, with his father William, a 35 year old gardener and domestic servant, mother Emma, aged 30, and sister Emma Jane, aged 2.

1891 Census -

By the time of the 1891 census, the family had moved to Derby Road, Huyton, and there were also two additional children, Margaret (7) and Julia (4).

1901 Census -

Unable to locate William in the 1901 census, although it is clear he had left the family home by this time as his widowed mother Emma now only had her daughters living with her.

1911 Census –
William, a 30 year old Joiner, had by this time moved back in with his widowed mother, Emma(60) at Derby Road, Huyton. His 23 year old sister Julia was also at the address
Birth/Marriage/Death Registrations Birth Registered Q2/1880, Prescot, 8b, 581
SDGW – Where Born Prescot
Enlisted Birkenhead
Resided Seacombe, Cheshire
How Died Killed in Action Theatre of War France & Flanders
Notes Formerly 569, Royal Engineers
Research Ref. No. P038

Service Details

It is not clear when William Caddick transferred from the Royal Engineers to the King's (Liverpool) Regiment. His medal index card, shown below, does not include a date of entry to an operational theatre of war which usually means that the date would be after 1st January 1916.

The following narrative is an extract from Ken Lees website

In July 1917 the British Army once again went onto the offensive in the Third Battle of Ypres which became known as 'Passchendaele'. They attacked near to the village of Wieltje on the opening day of the battle, 31st July 1917 in conditions which soon appeared almost impossible. Survival against the elements was a difficult task in itself without the ever present danger of the German shelling and machine guns.

The objective allotted to the Battalion consisted of a section of the enemy second line called the "Stutzpunkt" Line. In spite of the conditions and the determined resistance of the German defenders, the attack of the opening day of the battle was relatively successful but as always, many men of the battalion paid for this success with their lives before being relieved from the front line on the night of 2nd/3rd August.

Their efforts in the opening days of one of the world's epic battles was recognised with numerous awards to officers and men for gallantry and the following message from the Brigade Commander:

'To Officer Commanding,

9th King's Liverpool Regt.

Will you please congratulate all ranks of your Battalion on the great gallantry they displayed during the recent operations? They not only captured all their objectives, but also helped other troops to capture theirs. The magnificent way in which they captured the position and held it against all counter attacks makes me very proud to have such a Battalion in my Brigade.


Brigadier General,

165th Brigade.

4th August, 1917.'

Although his date of death is the 4th August, when the battalion had come out of the line, it is likely that Private Caddick was killed in the action referred to above. The battalion lost 18 men killed between the 1st and 4th of August. William Caddick's body was recovered and he is buried in Mendinghem Military Cemetery. This cemetery lay close to a Casualty Clearing Station which suggests that Pte Caddick was treated for his wounds but ultimately died from them.

William Caddick's service entitled him to the British War Medal and Victory Medal as shown on the Medal Index Card above, which is a poor quality scan

Private Caddick's grave at Mendinghem Military Cemetery

The image below is an extract from the Register of Soldiers Effects and shows that his sister, Julia, was his registered next of kin

The extract below appeared in the Liverpool Daily Post of 7th September 1917

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